Case studies can be used to train problem solving skills among students at post-secondary institutes. This strategy is used to carry out in depth analysis of a single situation or set of circumstances over time. In the education literature, this method is known as very popular method that can be used to engage students in problem solving, team work, and creative interactions. This strategy is used in professional fields such as medicine, law, and business as well as humanities such as history, sociology, and political science. When an instructor applies case study approach as a learning method he/she should use well-designed case for analysis, problem solving, decision making, and justification. This strategy gives more emphasize on active learning, real world application, and the drama and excitement. Therefore, this strategy is known as a good method to engage students in learning activities in the class room. This strategy also provides opportunities for students to identify personally with decision makers and problem that they have in their hand. There are several steps that can be followed by an instructor when he/she applies case study approach for problem solving. They are given as follows:
(i) Identify a situation or set of circumstances that create a challenging problem. In doing so, instructor can use new papers, research articles or his/her own experience.
(ii) Prepare number of questions that guide students in their approach to the case. i.e. What is the problem? What the causes of the problem? What conclusion can be drawn?
(iii) Decide the structure of your group report or statement
(iv) Form groups that include five to six students and distribute hand outs to them
(v) Lead students to analyze the case by sorting out data, identifying the problem, and finding solutions, and providing recommendations
(vi) Facilitate the students through asking questions, guiding discussions, and not telling the write answer to the problem