In recent time, online learning has become a key element in adult learning programs in the world. Currently, adult learning is happening in many areas such as work place, continuing education, and communities. This brief posting examines the negative aspects and challenges of online learning in the context globalization. Some researchers show that online learning is very important for increasing effectiveness in changing jobs and work environment. Online networks and communities have created innovative lifelong learning patterns such as helping novel ways of both intentional and non-intentional learning. These online networks and communities conduct lifelong learning including skill development and personal growth. Such a move encourages participation within positive sociable community. However, due to the advancement of technology, many adult face frustration in online learning. This situation creates challenges for both learners and educators. Online learners engage in both formal and informal education. Particularly, online learning is occurred in higher education, social networking, and communities of practice. National Online Learners Priorities report shows that 67% of the sample is female online learners and 85% of the sample age twenty five and older. Furthermore, this report indicates that online learners overall satisfaction remains at high level compared with learners who reside on campus and take online courses. There are several factors such as flexibility, convenience, institutional reputation, and cost influence as determinants of online education. Furthermore, social media such Facebook, You Tube, and Twitter plays significant role in adult education. This social network offers opportunities for learners explore topics of interests and share information. It also provides opportunities for skill and leadership development. Technological advancement creates opportunities for learners to form online communities to practice and share information about the topics of common interests. Online communities are different from social network because they need experts to share information about the relevant topics. Therefore, they use virtual space to create collaborative learning and activities shared interests. These online learning communities actively engage in communication of interested topics such as adult learning, professional job postings, and sustainable development etc.