Intellectual Standard

Critical thinking is governed by clear intellectual standard. Clear intellectual standard is associated with developing someone’s argument through identifying and analyzing arguments in favor of his/her claim and overcoming biases. It also takes into account opositional views and identifies strategies to select rationale choice based on his/her belief. Clarity is one of the standards of critical thinking and it indicates the communication of our thoughts, beliefs, and argument clearly.  For example, we discuss about poverty. To maintain intellectual standard, we should clarify what is the aspects of poverty that we are going to discuss. i.e. health, income, education etc. Precision is also identified as an important standard in critical thinking. To achieve, precision we should take into account the considered issue in particular way. In doing so, we should ask following questions: (i) What is the problem? (ii) What the potential answers to this problem? (iii)  What are the strength and weaknesses of each answers? When critical thinkers answer to a question, they consider the accuracy of available information. The selection of the right strategy for particular problem is dependent on the accuracy of information. Relevance is also become one of the very important standards because it influences on the solution that we are going to select for particular problem. In many instances, discussions related to socioeconomic and political issues lose the relevance of the considered issue. Consistency of thinking process is other vital factor that determines the effectiveness of the solution for particular problem. If our thinking process is not consistent, it is difficult to find logical and accurate solution for the problem. When we argue A>B>C, to consistent our argument, A should be greater than C. However, if we say A is smaller than C, then our argument is inconsistent. Logical concreteness is other element of intellectual standard. This means that we come to the final conclusion based on our previous facts and assumptions. Furthermore, when we use intellectual standard, we engage in depth analysis and thorough evaluation of the considered problem and potential solutions. This is known as completeness. It avoids the superficial criticism of our thinking process. In addition, as critical thinkers, we attempt to find impartial and unbiased solutions to a given problem. This is called fairness.


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