Instructors who care about students and who are supporting to create positive learning environment in the adult class room use praise and feedback to motivate students in learning. However praise and feedback are not able to achieve intended outcomes. Some students do not give high value for teachers’ praise and do not take such actions seriously. As a result, students do not feel rewarded when they receive praise. To create motivation among adult learners, praise and feedback should be productive and constructive. If the praise is productive, it should be focus on right mind set and skills. It is impossible to create motivation among learners through praise without such a focus. In general, praise is not purposeful and it is used to encourage learners. In many instances, praise is used to compensate other negative comments. On the other hand, intention behind the feedback is blame. Therefore, in many instances, praise and feedback are not able to achieve expected results. In short, they are not able motivate learners for active learning. Some educational experts show that following elements should be associated with productive praise and constructive feedback.
Productive praise should be consisted of following elements:
i Be specific and use straightforward sentence without theoretical questions
ii Praise the accomplishment or achievement using specific criteria that is related to learning
iii Praise personally instead of appreciating in front of other members of the group
iv Do not praise everything. It devalues your praise.
Constructive feedback should be consisted of following elements:
i Make the feedback objective and descriptive using correct examples of the relevant issue
ii Conduct self-assessment to understand mistakes and errors related to particular topic or learning
iii Do not provide a answer and lead the learner to find out the correct answer
iv Provide the feedback on the behavior not on the person
I think that the above elements related with praise and feedback may help instructors to create active learning environment in the class room.